Professor Ghulam Azam

Home » Uncategorized (Page 2)

Category Archives: Uncategorized

Memorial Book for Ghulam Azam

Many people came to pay their respects following the death of Professor Ghulam Azam. The family have been overwhelmed by messages from all over the world, from respected community, religious and political leaders as well as those who were inspired by his leadership and values. A memorial book has been created by the family to preserve some of these memories and thoughts.

Please click through the gallery to read some of the messages (mostly in Bengali).

Thousands Attend Ghulam Azam’s Janazah

1st Muharram 1436, 25th October 2014

Hundreds of thousands attended Professor Ghulam Azam’s Janazah which was held after Dhuhr prayers at Baitul Mukarram Mosque in Dhaka. In a fitting tribute to the great leader and Islamic personality, the streets were filled with mourners attending to pay their last respects. The funeral procession and prayers were all conducted peacefully and without incident, despite a heavy police presence. The indignity and hardship of his last years due to the illegal and politically motivated trial conducted by the Awami League government can never be forgotten. The family have found comfort in knowing he was honoured in death with something akin to a state funeral and a dignified burial beside his father in the family graveyard. May Allah accept good deeds and sacrifice in the service of Islam and Bangladesh.

His Janazah was led by his son, former Brigadier General Amaan Azmi. He also gave a powerful speech to the crowd which moved many listeners to tears, speaking of his father’s sincere love for Islam and his hope that many more will continue to be inspired by him. The family are particularly indebted to Amaan for providing constant support to his parents in the face of unrelenting pressure from the government and media.

In addition to the main Janazah prayer, many more thousands attended funerals in absentia which were performed all over Bangladesh and in many other countries around the world on Friday and Saturday. Prayers were led by the eminent scholar, Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi in Doha, Qatar and in the UK, USA, Finland,Turkey, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and India. He was particularly revered in Turkey as a  close friend of the former Turkish premier, Necmettin Erbakan, and his death was reported as front page news by a national newspaper, as well as by many Turkish supporters on Twitter.

We continue to uphold Ghulam Azam’s innocence and to denounce the International Crimes Tribunal which has led to the wrongful arrest and imprisonment of opposition leaders in Bangladesh. We have no doubt that the trial failed in its aim to provide justice for those who suffered in 1971 and has victimised those who politically opposed independence. Our prayers are with those who remain in custody and with the family of Abdul Quader Mollah.

Professor Ghulam Azam has passed away

ghulam azamIt is with great sadness that we inform you of the death of Professor Azam who passed away on the day of Jumuah after a lifetime of sacrifice and dedication to his Lord and Islam. Inna lillah wa inna ilayhi rajiun.The date is October 23 2014. He is survived by his wife, 6 sons and his grandchildren and great grandchildren. May Allah, the Lord of the worlds, accept him as Shaheed. May his many good deeds and exceptional sacrifices be accepted. May those who oppressed him face justice. May he enter an enlightened grave and the highest paradise. May his wife and family meet him there. Ameen.

We seek your prayers that the family are able to give Prof Azam a dignified burial and to see him and pay their respects. We fear that those who have oppressed him in life will seek to prevent this from happening.

We request all Professor Azam’s well wishers to observe his passing with fortitude, dignity and patience. Professor Azam was a man of peace and love for his Lord. Please grieve as he is worthy of being grieved. We expect the government to respect people’s democratic right to peacefully grieve and protest the injustice that has been subjected on this righteous leader.

Professor Ghulam Azam taken ill

HEALTH UPDATE – 3: PROF GHULAM AZAM from his son in Bangladesh
As of 12 pm BDT:
A new Medical Board which was formed sat in the morning.
1. Treatment for ‘renal failure’ started yesterday. Since his kidney wasn’t in bad condition before, under standard conditions it is usually reversible. However, due to his age and other ailments it is uncertain.
2. He also has ‘enlarged prostate’.
3. There are problems with his heart too.
Apart from the above findings/ conclusions,
1. He is extremely weak and can’t move his limbs.
2. Tries to talk, but no sound. It sounds like ‘whispering’.
3. Previous other problems still exist.
Prayer of millions around the world will isA help him completely recover soon.

Previous Update:

Prof Azam has been diagnosed with renal failure and acute dehydration this evening. He has been transferred to the Critical Care Unit due to his poor health. Please continue in your prayers for him.

أَذْهِبِ الْبَأْسَ رَبَّ النَّاسِ وَاشْفِ أَنْتَ الشَّافِي لَا شِفَاءَ إِلَّا شِفَاؤُكَ شِفَاءٌ لَا يُغَادِرُ سَقَمَاً
“O Lord of the people, remove this pain and cure it, You are the one who cures and there is no one besides You who can cure, grant such a cure that no illness remains”.
“Ayesha (R.A.) stated that when Prophet Mohammad (SAW.) was ill, he used to recite the four Quls, blow on his hands and pass them over on the back and front. He also recited these surahs, blew on his hands and passed them over his body during his fatal illness”.

(Bukhari, Muslim)

“Ghulam Azam in a critical state” – Wife Mrs Azam

Former Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami Professor Ghulam Azam, who is serving a 90-year prison sentence for so called ‘crimes against humanity’, is in a critical condition – said his wife Mrs Afifa Azam in a statement on Sunday.

Mrs Azam said that she went to see Prof Azam at the hospital prison cell of BSMMU on Saturday and found his condition to be “extremely feeble”. She said, “Today we saw him in the worst condition so far. Physically he is so weak that two people had to hold him to get him up from bed. His eyesight has become much weakened and hearing ability considerably lessened than the last time we saw him. It was hard to even hear his voice.”

She continued, “He didn’t even have strength to move his hands, feet, shoulders, head etc. He is hardly able to eat nowadays and his weight is going down day by day looking nothing but a skeleton. He fell down in the bathroom thrice in less than a month.  According to him, the doctors found him to be in a critical condition last Thursday”.

“Despite being in such a critical state, the hospital or jail authorities didn’t even inform the family about his condition” – complained Ghulam Azam’s wife.

She expressed concern that such inhumane behaviour, like indifference and lack of care may lead to catastrophic consequences.

In her statement, Mrs Azam requested the authority to release him to ensure his proper medical care under family supervision.

She also called upon the people to pray for her ailing husband.

মানবতাবিরোধী অপরাধের মামলায় ৯০ বছরের কারাদণ্ডপ্রাপ্ত জামায়াতে ইসলামীর সাবেক আমির অধ্যাপক গোলাম আযমের অবস্থা আশঙ্কাজনক বলে জানিয়েছেন তার স্ত্রী সৈয়দা আফিফা আযম।

রবিবার রাতে গণমাধ্যমে পাঠানো এক বিবৃতিতে তিনি এ কথা জানিয়েছেন।

আফিফা আযম বলেছেন, গতকাল শনিবার বিকেলে তিনি অধ্যাপক গোলাম আযমের সঙ্গে বিএসএমএমইউ’র প্রিজন সেলে সাক্ষাৎ করেছেন।

তিনি বলেন, ‘উনার শারীরিক অবস্থা অত্যন্ত নাজুক। এ যাবৎকালের সবচেয়ে খারাপ অবস্থায় আজ উনাকে দেখা গেল। শারীরিকভাবে এতই দুর্বল হয়ে পড়েছেন যে, বিছানা থেকে দু’জনে ধরে উঠাতে হয়েছে। দৃষ্টিশক্তি অনেক ক্ষীণ হয়ে এসেছে, শ্রবণশক্তি অনেক হ্রাস পেয়েছে এবং গলার আওয়াজ অত্যন্ত ক্ষীণ।’

‘হাত-পা-ঘাড়-মাথা এগুলো নাড়ানোর শক্তিও উনার নেই। দিন দিন ওজন কমছে, শুকিয়ে কঙ্কালসার হয়ে গেছেন। এ পর্যন্ত ছয়বার বাথরুমে পড়ে গেছেন। গত এক মাসের কম সময়ের মধ্যেই তিনবার পড়ে গেছেন। খাওয়া-দাওয়া প্রায় করতেই পারছেন না বলা চলে। উনার ভাষ্য অনুযায়ী, গত বৃহস্পতিবার উনার অবস্থা অত্যন্ত আশঙ্কাজনক হয়ে গিয়েছিল এবং চিকিৎসক উনাকে উনার অবস্থা ‘Critical’ বলে জানিয়েছিলেন।’

গোলাম আযমের স্ত্রী বলেন, ‘তার স্বামীর অবস্থা আশঙ্কাজনক হলেও হাসপাতাল কিংবা জেল কর্তৃপক্ষ কেউই পরিবারকে অবহিত করেনি।’

কর্তৃপক্ষের অবজ্ঞা, অযত্ন, অবহেলা, উপেক্ষা ও অমানবিক আচরণে যে কোনো সময়ে মারাত্মক পরিস্থিতি সৃষ্টি হতে পারে বলেও আশঙ্কা প্রকাশ করেন তিনি।

বিবৃতিতে আফিফা আযম তার স্বামীর সুচিকিৎসা নিশ্চিত করার জন্য মুক্তি দিয়ে পরিবারের সার্বিক তত্ত্বাবধানে রাখার অনুমতি দেয়ার জন্য কর্তৃপক্ষের কাছে অনুরোধ জানান।

তিনি তার স্বামীর জন্য দেশবাসীর দোয়া চেয়েছেন।

Ghulam Azam Books available to Download

Please click on this link for access to several Bangla language books written by Professor Ghulam Azam. 

“Independent investigation needed” 2nd Witness Scandal exposed

Witness scandal exposed in Bangladesh War Crimes Trial: 





Quazi Shahreen Haq, 

British lawyer Toby Cadman, who demanded an investigation after seeing a video of a so-called prosecution witness (PW) in the war crimes case of Jamaat-e-Islami leader Motiur Rahman Nizami, says he is not sure of the identity of the man in the video. 

Speaking to on Sunday night, he said: “I am not in a position to confirm (or) deny anything at this stage. I will review the various videos and issue a full statement in due course. I stand by my previous statement that this requires a full investigation by an independent authority.” 

In a recently released video footage which went viral on the YouTube and Facebook, a man named ‘Nannu’ claimed he was a prosecution witness and testified in the Jamaat leader Nizami case under government coercion. 

In a report on Sept 20, London-based ‘The Daily Telegraph’ said Cadman had seen the video as he demanded a fully independent and international investigation if the claim made in the video was true. 

The Telegraph report also said Cadman was working as a lobbyist on the case of war crimes convict and Jamaat leader Abdul Quader Molla. 

Prosecution witness in the Nizami case, Shamsul Huq Nannu, at a press conference at the prosecutor’s office of the International Crimes Tribunal on Saturday night protested the Telegraph report and said information was ‘distorted’. 

He also said his family was living in insecurity. 

Nannu said, “I have come to know that my statement was quoted by the defence’s international lobbyist Toby Cadman in a report published in The Daily Telegraph. Not only that, a video which supposedly was my interview was also released. I was told later that the video was also on YouTube.” 

Nannu said the man in the video was only an imposter and definitely not him. 

Then, the ‘real’ Nannu at the press briefing went on to set apart his appearance with that of the man in the video who claimed himself to be Nannu. 

“The man who has been shown on YouTube has no moustache but I have been sporting one for quite some time. I have had long curly hair since childhood, but that man does not have such hair.” 

“Even the voice is not mine. It is a distorted version of my voice,” he said. 

Nannu claimed the remarks made in the video were not his. “I have never been forced to testify. I am a freedom fighter. I willingly gave the testimony to the court against Nizami being driven by my conscience.” 

He said that after the testimony, he and his family were insecure. “We are receiving death threats. Miscreants of Jamaat and Shibir may kill us anytime.” 

Meanwhile, prosecutor Mohammad Ali told Shamsul Huq Nannu came to their office at around 7:30pm Saturday and told them about the matter. As he sought help from them, they organised the press conference for him at a room in the office. 

However, when contacted about the issue, British lawyer Cadman emailed his response to 

He said, “In the Daily Telegraph interview I stated that I found the contents of the original video deeply disturbing. I made the point that if the allegations set out in the video are true it warrants a full inquiry into whether there is a practice of witness tampering. 

“I made no assessment as to the authenticity of the video, only that it required a full investigation by an independent authority acceptable to all parties.” provided Cadman with a video clip of Nannu’s press conference and asked whether he was the same man seen in the video Cadman had watched. 

He responded: “In my view the fact that the witness has denied making the statement is to be expected. He clearly does not want to go up against the Government, as what is stated in the interview is a very serious allegation. I stand by the statement that I made in the Daily Telegraph and repeat the request that there needs to be a full, independent, international inquiry into these matters.” 

However, Cadman ended his email interview saying, “I have absolutely no reason at this stage to doubt that the original video recording of the witness is authentic; however, this should be the subject of an independent investigation.


Economist on Bangladesh War Crimes Trial

See here for original article:

THE gallows, not jail, had always seemed like the more likely destination for Abdul Quader Mollah. On September 17th the Supreme Court of Bangladesh made it so. In revising Mr Mollah’s sentence, the Supreme Court also taught a stern lesson to the International Crimes Tribunal (ICT), a flawed but popular war-crimes court. When it comes to the determination of guilt and punishment of war criminals, the Supreme Court will not be gainsaid.

A bench comprised of five Supreme Court judges had to deal with two appeals in the case of Mr Mollah, a leading member of the Jamaat-e-Islami, Bangladesh’s biggest Islamic party. Mr Mollah’s lawyers had appealed against their client’s conviction by the ICT on February 5th on five crimes against humanity committed during Bangladesh’s war of secession from Pakistan in 1971. The judges dismissed the appeal. In addition, they had to decide whether there was merit to the prosecution’s call for a death penalty. Here, the court reversed an earlier acquittal on one charge (the killing of hundreds of villagers) and ruled that on another (the murder of a family) the sentence should be changed: from life imprisonment to death by hanging.

On February 5th Mr Mollah became the first defendant not tried in absentia to be sentenced by the ICT, which is a domestic court set up by prime minister Sheikh Hasina’s ruling Awami League (AL) in 2010. The initial sentence, which would have spared his life, was seen by many Bangladeshis as being too lenient. It triggered mass demonstrations calling for the death sentence to be handed down to all war-crimes defendants and, for good measure, that the Jamaat be banned as a political party. (Another court has since ruled that the party is unfit to contest national polls because its charter puts God above democratic process.) The opposition soon framed the trials as a struggle between anti-Islamist forces and the pious. That paved the way for another kind of march on Dhaka, the capital, by Hefazat-e-Islam, an Islamic splinter group with fundamentalist demands, in May. Then security forces killed as many as 50 of those demonstrators. The effect on the government’s popularity has been devastating.

Three of the charges against Mr Mollah relied on hearsay evidence. The charge for which Mr Mollah will hang was based on the testimony of a single witness, who was an 13-year-old at the time, and no corroborating evidence whatsoever. Mr Mollah was convicted nonetheless, but his guilt proved far harder to establish than his nickname, the “Butcher of Mirpur”, would have suggested.

Bangladesh’s attorney-general, Mahbubey Alam, has said that the verdict is final and there is no room for judicial review. The defence rubbished Mr Alam’s claim and said that it will file a review petition within 30 days of receiving the full verdict. The death penalty cannot be applied before the Supreme Court comes up with a written judgment, and that can take months. Even then Mr Mollah would have the right to seek clemency from the president. It now seems inconceivable that more than two or three of the accused will be sentenced and executed before the elections, which must be held by January 24th.

Mr Mollah is likely to be joined in his predicament by another defendant who is fast running out of legal options. Delwar Hossain Sayedee began his appeals process before the Supreme Court on September 17th. Mr Sayedee is a firebrand preacher, who was sentenced to death by the ICT on February 28th. That ruling resulted in the worst single day of political violence in the history of modern Bangladesh. Just maybe, according to observers of the trial, two other cases might progress to the stage where executions become possible. They are the cases of Ghulam Azam, the Jamaat-e-Islami’s leader in 1971, and of Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, a prominent member of the main opposition party, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), and one of the closest advisers of its leader, Khaleda Zia.

Mr Chowdhury’s party might someday soon be in a position to have some influence over Bangladesh’s war-crimes trials. The BNP has been silent on what it intends to do with the trials if it wins the election. It fears that the stain of 1971 which still sticks to the Jamaat-e-Islami, its main electoral ally, may cost it votes. But it has a commanding lead in opinion polls and no party has ever won a second term. A BNP victory has come to seem very plausible indeed. That a BNP government would try bringing the trials to an end is a foregone conclusion.

Even with a government minded to do so, however, it would be tricky for anyone to halt the trials; they are still incredibly popular. An opinion poll by AC Nielsen in April 2013 showed that though nearly two thirds of respondents said the trials were “unfair” or “very unfair”, a whopping 86% wanted them to proceed regardless. The public view of the ICT is curious, but not self-contradictory. Annual opinion polls show that the war-crimes trials ranked among the top three “positive steps that the government has taken”, but they consistently fail to make the top-ten list of “issues that need the greatest attention of the government”. Fair or unfair, the trials pale in comparison before such matters of concern as inflation, education, power supply and food security.

Helpfully, from the BNP’s point of view, if it does decide to scotch the trials it need not fiddle with the judiciary or the constitution. According to the constitution the president has the “power to grant pardons, reprieves and respites and to remit, suspend or commute any sentence passed by any court, tribunal or other authority”.

For now, the conversation as Bangladesh heads towards its elections is focused on whether the BNP will boycott. The party says it won’t run unless the AL agrees to hold polls under a neutral caretaker. But the BNP is desperate to contest. It only persists in griping about the electoral procedures as an insurance policy, in case it fails to secure the victory it expects. The chances of an actual breakdown of the democratic process at or around election time seem (relatively) low at this point. Both parties are keen to contest, the army has no further appetite to intervene, having tried installing a technocratic government, which ruled from 2007 to 2008, already.

The more worrying prospect must be that of a political backlash and perhaps even the rehabilitation of the BNP’s Islamic allies; a less secular Bangladesh; and millions of AL supporters incensed by their government’s utter failure to deliver credible war-crimes trials.


HRW accuses Bangladesh of Flawed Trial

Human Rights Watch published the following article about Professor Ghulam Azam’s Trial. Since then, a case has been filed accusing HRW of contempt against the ICT. 

Analysis Outlines how Fair Trial Rights of Accused Seriously Compromised

(New York) – The trial of Ghulam Azam, the former chief of Bangladesh’s Jamaat-e-Islaami (Jamaat) party, at Bangladesh’s International Crimes Tribunal was deeply flawed and did not meet international fair trial standards, Human Rights Watch said today.

In March 2010 Azam was charged with six counts of conspiracy, planning, incitement, complicity, murder, and torture as crimes against humanity at the International Crimes Tribunal, known as the ICT, a specially constituted tribunal set up to try those responsible for war crimes during Bangladesh’s 1971 independence war. The judgment, handed down on July 15, 2013, found Azam guilty on all counts and sentenced him to life in prison for 90 years. He was spared the death penalty due to old age. On August 12, the prosecution appealed the sentence, arguing that Azam deserved the death penalty.

“Human Rights Watch has long supported the efforts to deliver accountability for the atrocities committed during the 1971 war, and to ensuring meaningful justice to victims and survivors, through fair trials which meet international standards,” said Brad Adams, Asia director. “We sounded the alarm that the law and trial process were deficient, but the government ignored the warnings. The government has got the conviction it wanted, but it has failed to ensure a fair trial that settles once and for all whether Ghulam Azam was guilty.”

Human Rights Watch’s concerns about the Azam trial include:

·         Judges improperly conducted an investigation on behalf of the prosecution

·         Collusion and bias among prosecutors and judges

·         Failure to take steps to protect defense witnesses

·         Changes in the trial court panel; and

·         Lack of evidence to establish guilt beyond a reasonable doubt

Among the most serious problems is the fact that the judges stated that they conducted an investigation to make up for deficiencies in the case presented by the prosecution. Judges in Bangladesh are only empowered to examine the evidence placed in front of them by the parties to the case. The defense counsel was not aware of this investigation and was thus unable to comment on or challenge the evidence obtained by the judges, which constitutes a serious violation of article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Bangladesh is a party. The investigation calls into serious question the impartiality of the court.

The ICT had not answered allegations of judicial bias raised by intercepted Skype and other communications in which The Economist revealed prohibited collusion between the judiciary, the prosecution, and the executive branch via an external consultant. Many conversations concerned the Azam trial, including ones which show that the judges laid out a blueprint to be used by the prosecution as to how to conduct the trial, which witnesses to call, and how to question them. The conversations make it clear that the judges were closely advising and directing the prosecution on presenting their case against Azam.

In addition, there have been ongoing problems with intimidation of defense witnesses and raids on defense chambers, including in the Azam case. The trial chambers have not ordered any investigation or offered any practical solution to overcoming the security concerns expressed by defense witnesses.

“The problems with the Azam trial are manifold, and lead to the inescapable conclusion that there has been strong judicial bias towards the prosecution and grave violations of due process rights,” Adams said. “The victims of these crimes and their families deserve real answers, which can only be found through fair and transparent proceedings.”

Statement from Toby Cadman : New evidence of government interference

Statement from Toby Cadman, International Defence Counsel on International War Crimes Tribunal, Bangladesh
Friday, July 19, 2013
– Defence team has seen new evidence of high-level government interference in the International Crimes Tribunal, Bangladesh
– Material compromises both past and current trials
– New evidence will be released to the public within the coming days
– Azam trial saw no evidence that establish charges
– Defence reiterate their claims of witness interference, prosecution witness perjury and executive interference
– ‘These recent verdicts follow a trial process reminiscent of the darkest days of the Soviet Union’s show trials and unbefitting of a democratic nation.’
– Risk of continuing instability within Bangladesh if tribunal is permitted to continue to operate in its current form

This week has been a landmark moment for the International Crimes Tribunal, Bangladesh. It has seen two important verdicts. The first on Monday of Professor Ghulam Azam, found guilty of all 61 counts with which he was charged and sentenced to 90 years, commuted from the death penalty. The second was a guilty verdict for Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid. He has been sentenced to death.

This week the defence has outlined in detail what it sees as the profound unfairness of these trials as well as the misconduct and illegality that lies at the heart of this tribunal.* These recent verdicts follow a trial process reminiscent of the darkest days of the Soviet Union’s show trials and unbefitting of a modern democracy. Despite widespread international condemnation over the grave deficiencies at the tribunal, the Bangladesh government’s unwillingness to investigate any of the reported malpractice raised by the defence or international human rights organisations is both highly suspicious and even an admission of guilt.
The defence has now seen further evidence that strongly links the highest levels of the Bangladeshi executive with witness intimidation and tampering. We hope to make this evidence public in the coming days, as soon as it has been properly verified. Our initial analysis is that this material indicates a judicial process completely undermined by high-level political interference. It reaffirms our suspicions at the commencement of the tribunal – that these trials have no basis in justice. Rather, the tribunal has become a ruthless political tool for the current government. It is an affront to justice, and an insult to the victims the tribunal was supposedly created to honour. We are confident that this new evidence will engage stakeholders in Bangladesh and internationally to dismantle this tribunal and work towards a fairer, internationally sanctioned, solution.

To restate categorically: these trials have brazenly ignored the most basic of legal norms. In the Azam trial, no evidence was presented during the trial that confirmed a single death. No evidence was heard to establish genocide or crimes against humanity. No evidence was presented that connected Professor Gulam Azam to any crimes. It is clear that the Judges themselves conducted their own investigations. Prosecution witnesses perjured themselves, while the Defence was prevented from producing witnesses. Furthermore, as was reported by Human Rights Watch amongst others, there has been witness disappearances as well as witness interference. Finally, the level of prosecutorial and judicial misconduct is unprecedented for a court of this type.

The defence has always maintained that the victims of the grave crimes perpetrated in the 1971 independence war deserve justice. This tribunal could have helped lay the ghosts of the past to rest by conducting an open and transparent restorative process. However, Bangladesh risks being plunged back into those dark years once more if the government continues this political witch hunt. The defence has always called for non-violent protest by those Bangladeshi’s who rightly feel aggrieved by this process. Yet we are extremely concerned for the stability of the whole country as important elections approach. We feel the irresponsible and openly divisive manner in which these trials are conducted may create an irreparable and dangerous political divide within the country. The Bangladeshi government and its international partners now have a duty to stop this tribunal creating a toxic political atmosphere that could plunge the country into a sustained period of civil or political unrest.

Yesterday, the Tribunal, in delivering Mujahid judgment, issued a warning that anyone who criticises the Tribunal or rejects its verdict may be charged. This attempt to muzzle criticism and silence opposition is a concerning development as elections approach. Despite the grave charges facing the defendents, they deserve a fair trial. More importantly, for the victims and their families, this tribunal is not fit for purpose. For the political benefit of a few, it risks turning back the clock in Bangladesh at this important juncture in its history.

Toby Cadman
9 Bedford Row
For comment or interview requests: